The Digital rights (future perspectives and horizons)


  • Alireza Annabi *Basic lawyer of justice and director of the Department of law and International Law of Islamic Azad University, Maragheh branch



digital rights, digital management, standardization, digital drugs


Digital rights include those legal issues that appear on the Internet and various software platforms, which include many instances and areas of the rights of real and legal persons. Among them are the right to access the digital space, the right to remain anonymous, political and public rights, the right to data justice, private rights and the like. If the field of digital rights is not managed properly, it will cause many problems and challenges. Among those challenges, we can mention threats to privacy, lack of management strategy, lack of sufficient expertise in the field of digital transformation, and security concerns. It seems that until these challenges and ambiguities are accurately identified and explained, it will not be possible to pass effective laws and adopt appropriate operational packages that can lead to the order of the digital space, and in this regard, the goal should be to inform users and develop and strengthen their skills in this space.



-Asadi, Shali, Adla, (2016), "Management of information security systems, electronic magazine, fourth period; [available in ]:

-Karila, Arthur, (2018), "Information security in electronic work" translated by Hamid Delili. Electronic magazine, second period, 2. [available in]:

-Nakhsineh, Nader, (1401), "A different approach to security considerations in digital library initiatives". Electronic magazine on the initiatives of digital libraries". Electronic magazine. [available in]

- Annella, Renato, (2021), Digital Rights Management (DRM) architectures. D-Lib Magazine, Vol.27, No.6. [on-line]. Available: iannella/06iannella .html. [17Jan.2008].

Burner, Feed.(2018), Digital Right Management Gone wrong: an overview of the past couple months. [on- line]. Available:

Doctorow, Cory. (2018), "Digital Rights Management: a failure in the developed world, a danger to the developing world". [on-line]. Available: IP/ DRM/ITU- DRM- paper.pdf.

McCoyd, Edward.(2017), Digital Right Management for Ebook: Publisher Requirements. U. S. A: Association American Publisher, Inc, 2000. [on- line]. Available:

Albury, Kath(2017). "Just because it's public doesn't mean it's any of your business: Adults' and children's sexual rights in digitally mediated spaces", New media & society, 19(5),713-725.

Alper, Meryl and Goggin, Gerard(2017), "Digital technology and rights in the lives of children with disabilities". New media & society, 19(5),726-740.

Anonymous(2014). Internet Rights and Principles Dynamic Coalition UN Internet Governance Forum. The charter of human rights and principles for the internet.

Barassi, Veronica(2018), "The Child as Datafied Citizen. Critical Questions on Data Justice in Family Life" p. 169-177 in Giovanna Mascheroni, Cristina Ponte & Ana Jorge(eds.)Digital Parenting. The Challenges for Families in the Digital Age. Göteborg: Nordicom.

Bulger, Monica &others(2017), "Where policy and practice collide: Comparing United States, South African and European Union approaches to protecting children online", New media & society, 19(5),750-764.

Gil-Garcia, J. Ramon &others(2018), "Digital government and public management research: finding the crossroads", Public Management Review,20(5),633-646.

Guven, Gabriel Conrad(2018), "The lived experiences of secondary school parents in raising responsible digital citizens in a one-to-one learning environment". A Dissertation Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of Education, Liberty University. 15. Katozian, Nasser (2003), Introduction to Law and Study the Iranian Legal System, 37th edition, Tehran: Sahami Entrshar.

Kim, John Y. (2008), "The great kaleidescape: New hope in the digital rights debate", Temple Journal of Science, Technology & Environmental Law,27(2),339-358.

Kumik, Peter(2001), “Digital rights management", Legal Information Management, 1(2),21-23.

Livingstone, Sonia and Third, Amanda(2017), "Children and young people's rights in the digital age: An emerging agenda", New media & society,19(5),657-670.

Ludlow Barbara L. & Duff Michael C.(2007), "Copyright Law and Content Protection Mechanisms: Digital Rights Management for Teacher Educators", Teacher Education and Special Education,30(2),93-102.

Lupton, Deborah and Williamson, Ben(2017), "The datafied child: The dataveillance of children and implications for their rights", New media & society, 19(5),780-794.

Macenaite, Milda(2017), "From universal towards child-specific protection of the right to privacy online: Dilemmas in the EU General Data Protection Regulation", New media & society, 19(5),765–779.

Redeker, Dennis and others(2018), "Towards digital constitutionalism? Mapping attempts to craft an Internet Bill of Rights", the International Communication Gazette, 80(4), 302-319.

Resnick Marc L.(2005), "Human Factors in Digital Rights Management for Consumer Products", Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 49(18),1734-1738.

Roberts, Andrew, (2015), "Privacy, data retention and domination: Digital rights Ireland ltd v. minister for communications", Modern Law review,78(3),535-548.

Robertson, Scott P. and Vatrapu, Ravi K.(2010), "Digital government”, Annu. Rev. Inf. Sci. Technol,44(1),317-364.

Schofield Clark, Lynn & Brites, Maria José(2018), "Differing Parental Approaches to Cultivating Youth Citizenship" p. 81-89 in Giovanna Mascheroni, Cristina Ponte & Ana Jorge (eds.) Digital Parenting. The Challenges for Families in the Digital Age. Göteborg: Nordicom. 27. Siamak, Marzieh (2019), Digital rights Management: Opportunities and Challenges, Book of the Year Quarterly, 20(77), 253-272.

Taylor, Linnet(2017), "What is data justice? The case for connecting digital rights and freedoms globally", Big Data & Society, 1-14.

Verlos, Natalia(2020), "Constitutionalization of digital rights: Domestic practice and foreign experience", Law Review of Kyiv University of Law,(2),129-133.



How to Cite

Annabi, A. (2024). The Digital rights (future perspectives and horizons). International Journal of Advanced Research in Humanities and Law, 1(2), 1–14.